史密斯 全球英語國家最常用姓氏
文章來源:未知 文章作者:enread 發布時間:2019-12-05 08:23 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
'Smith' is still the most commonly used surname in every English-speaking country around the globe, a study has found.
 
一項研究發現,“史密斯”仍然是全球所有英語國家最常用的姓氏。
 
Lending firm NetCredit has researched the world's most common family names by country by charting its usage in a series of maps.
 
The maps show that Smith is still the most frequently used surname in the US, the UK, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The company also researched the etymology1 of each name and categorised them.
 
A surname has five possible starting points, according to the study: An occupation, a personal description, the name of a place, the name of an ancestor, or to signify a link to a benefactor2.
 
The name 'Smith' originates as an Anglo-Saxon term for a metal worker or blacksmith.
 
Similarly, the most popular surname in Luxembourg is 'Schmit', which derives3 from a similar German root.
 
In the US, the name is so popular that it's shared by one in every 121 residents.
 
In Ireland, where Irish is the national and official first language, Murphy is the most common surname.
 
A four-year-study by the University of the West of England in 2016 found that over 90 percent of the 45,602 surnames in the English dictionary are native to Britain and Ireland.
 
The use of surnames in England started around the 14th Century but eventually became law when King Henry VIII ordered that all new births be registered in the name of the father.
 
Some reports put the very first use of surnames as early as 2852 BC in China.


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1 etymology jiMzC     
n.語源;字源學
參考例句:
  • The hippies' etymology is contentious.關于嬉皮士的語源是有爭議的。
  • The origin of OK became the Holy Grail of etymology.OK的出典成了詞源學夢寐以求的圣杯。
2 benefactor ZQEy0     
n. 恩人,行善的人,捐助人
參考例句:
  • The chieftain of that country is disguised as a benefactor this time. 那個國家的首領這一次偽裝出一副施恩者的姿態。
  • The first thing I did, was to recompense my original benefactor, my good old captain. 我所做的第一件事, 就是報答我那最初的恩人, 那位好心的老船長。
3 derives c6c3177a6f731a3d743ccd3c53f3f460     
v.得到( derive的第三人稱單數 );(從…中)得到獲得;源于;(從…中)提取
參考例句:
  • English derives in the main from the common Germanic stock. 英語主要源于日耳曼語系。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • He derives his income from freelance work. 他以自由職業獲取收入。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
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