大學英語四級模擬試題(1)
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Model Test 1
Part One Listening Comprehension
Section A

Directions:  In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said - Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C)and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a line through the centre.

Example:      You will hear:

                     You will read:

                     A) At the office.          

                            B) In the waiting room.

C) At the airport.

                            D) In a restaurant.

From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) At the office is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.



1.    A) She is not interested in the article.

B) She has given the man much trouble.

C) She would like to have a copy of the article.

D) She doesn't want to take the trouble to read the article.



2.    A) He saw the big tower he visited on TV~

B) He has visited the TV tower twice.

C) He has visited the TV tower once.

D) He will visit the TV tower in June.



3.    A) The woman has trouble getting along with the professor.

B) The woman regrets having taken up much of the professor's time.

C) The woman knows the professor has been busy.

D) The woman knows the professor has run into trouble.



4.    A) He doesn't enjoy business trips as much as he used to.

B) He doesn't think he is capable of doing the job.

C) He thinks the pay is too low to support his family,

D) He wants to spend more time with his family.



5.    A) The man thought the essay was easy.

B) They both had a hard time writing the essay.

C) The woman thought the essay was easy.

D) Neither of them has finished the assignment yet.



6.    A) In the park.               B) Between two buildings

C) In his apartment.              D) Under a huge tree.



7.    A) It's awfully1 dull.    B) It's really exciting.

C) it's very exhausting.  D) It's quite challenging.



8.    A) movie.            B) A lecture.           C) A play.             D) A speech.



9.    A) The weather is mild compared to the past years.

B) They are having the coldest winter ever.

C) The weather will soon get warmer.

D) The weather may get even colder.



10. A) The mystery story.                    

B) The hiring of a shop assistant.

C) The search for a reliable witness.

D) An unsolved case of robbery.



Section B

Passage One

Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. A) They want to change the way English is taught.

B) They learn English to find well-paid jobs.

C) They want to have an up-to-date knowledge of English.

D) They know clearly what they want to learn.



12. A ) Professionals.                  B) College students.  

C) Beginners                               D) Intermediate earners.



13. A) Courses for doctors.                  B) Courses for businessmen.

C) Courses for reporters.                    D) Courses for lawyers.



14. A) Three groups of learners.      B) The importance of business English.

C) English for Specific Purposes.  D) Features of English for different papacies.



Passage Two

Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.



15. A) To show off their wealth.              

B) To feel good.  

C) To regain3 their memory.

D) To be different from others.



16. A) To help solve their psychological problems.  

B) To play games with them.  

C) To send sham4 to the hospital.

D) To make them aware of its harmfulness.



17. A) They need care and affection.            

B) They are fond of round-the-world trips.

C) They are mostly from broken families.

D) They are likely to commit crimes.



Passage Three

Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.



18. A) Because it was too heavy.              

B) Because it did not bend easily.

C) Because it did not shoot far.

D) Because its string was short.



19. A) It went out of use 300 years ago

B) h was invented alter the short how.  

C) It was discovered before fire and the wheel.

D) It's still in use today.



20. A) They are accurate and easy to pull.      

B) Their shooting range is 40 yards.

C) They are usually used indoors.

D) They took 100 years to develop.



Part II   Reading Comprehension  (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.



Passage One

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.



Design of all the new tools and implements5 is based on careful experiments with electronic instruments. First, a human “guinea pig” is tested using a regular tool. Measurements are taken of the amount of work done, and the buildup of heat in the body. Twisted joints6 and stretched muscles can not perform as well, it has been found, as joints and muscles in their normal positions. The same person is then tested again, using a tool designed according to the suggestions made by Dr. Tichauer. All these tests have shown the great improvement of the new designs over the old.

One of the electronic instruments used by Dr. Tichauer, the myograph (肌動記器), makes visible through electrical signals the work done by human muscle.

Another machine measures any dangerous features of tools, thus proving information upon which to base a new design. One conclusion of tests made with this machine is that a tripod stepladder is more stable and safer to use than one with four legs.

This work has attracted the attention of efficiency experts and time-and-motion-study engineer, but its value goes far beyond that. Dr. Tichauer’s first thought is for the health of the tool user. With the repeated use of the same tool all day long on production lines and in other jobs, even light manual work can put a heavy stress on one small area of the body. In time, such stress can cause a disabling disease. Furthermore, muscle fatigue7 is a serious safety hazard.

Efficiency is the by-product8 of comfort, Dr. Tichauer believes, and his new designs for traditional tools have proved his point.



21. What are involved in the design of a new tool according to the passage?

A) Electronic instruments and a regular tool.

B) A human “guinea pig” and a regular tool.

C) Electronic instruments and a human “guinea pig”.

D) Electronic instruments, a human “guinea pig” and a regular tool.



22. From the passage we know that joints and muscles perform best when __________________.

A)     they are twisted and stretched

B)      they are in their normal positions

C)     they are tested with a human “guinea pig”

D)     they are tested with electronic instruments



23. A “myograph” (Para. 2, Line 1) is an electronic instrument that ________________.

A) is able to design new tools

B) measures the amount of energy used

C) enable people to see the muscular movements

D) visualizes9 electrical signals



24. It can be inferred from the passage that ________________.

A)     a stepladder used to have four legs.

B)      it is dangerous to use tools

C)     a tripod is safer in a tool design

D)     workers are safer on production lines



25. Dr. Tichauer started his experiments initially10 to _________________.

A)     improve efficiency

B)      increase production

C)     reduce work load

D)     improve comfort



Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:



       More and more, the operations of our businesses, governments, and financial institutions are controlled by information that exists only inside computer memories. Anyone clever enough to modify this information for his own purposes can reap big reward. Even worse, a number of people who have done this and been caught at it have managed to get away without punishment.

       It’s easy for computer crimes to go undetected if no one checks up on what the computer is doing. But even if the crime is detected, the criminal may walk away not only unpunished but with a glowing recommendation from his former employers.

       Of course, we have no statistics on crimes that go undetected. But it’s disturbing to note how many of the crimes we do know about were detected by accident, not by systematic11 inspections12 or other security procedures. The computer criminals who have been caught may have been the victims of uncommonly13 bad luck.

       Unlike other lawbreakers, who must leave the country, commit suicide, or go to jail, computer criminals sometimes escape punishment, demanding not only that they not be charged but that they be given good recommendations and perhaps other benefits. All too often, their demands have been met.

       Why? Because company executives are afraid of the bad publicity14 that would result if the public found out that their computer had been misused15. They hesitate at the thought of a criminal boasting in open court of how he juggled16 (詐騙) the most confidential17 (保密)records right under the noses of the company’s executives, accountants, and security staff. And so another computer criminal departs with just the recommendations he needs to continue his crimes elsewhere.



26. It can be concluded from the passage that _______________.

A)     it is still impossible to detect computer crimes today

B)      people commit computer crimes at the request of their company

C)     computer criminals escape punishment because they can’t be detected

D)     computer crimes are the most serious problem in the operation of financial institutions



27. It is implied in the third paragraph that _________________.

A)     most computer criminals who are caught blame their bad luck

B)      the rapid increase of computer crimes is a troublesome problem

C)     most computer criminals are smart enough to cover up their crimes

D)     many more computer crimes go undetected that are discovered



28. Which of the following statements is mentioned in the passage?

A)     A strict law against computer crimes must be enforced

B)      Companies usually hesitate to uncover computer crimes to protect their reputation

C)     Companies will guard against computer crimes to protect their reputation

D)     Companies need to impose restrictions18 on confidential information



29. What may happen to computer criminals once they are caught?

A)     With a bad reputation they can hardly find another job.

B)      They may walk away and easily find another job.

C)     They will be denied access to confidential records

D)     They must leave the country to go to jail.



30. The passage is mainly about _________________.

A)     why computer criminals are often able to escape punishment

B)      why computer crimes are difficult to detect by systematic inspections

C)     how computer criminals mange to get good recommendations from their former employers

D)     why computer crimes can’t be eliminated



Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage.



       In a family where the roles of men and women are not sharply separated and where many household tasks are shared to a greater or lesser19 extent, notions of male superiority are hard to maintain. The pattern of sharing in tasks and indecision makes for equality and this in turn leads to further sharing. In such a home, the growing boy and girl learn to accept equality more easily than did their parents and to prepare more fully2 for participation20 in a world characterized by cooperation rather than by the “battle of the sexes”.

       If the process goes too far and man’s role is regarded as less important – and that has happened in some cases – we are as badly off as before, only in reverse.

       It is time to reassess the role of the man in the American family. We are getting a little tired of “Momism” – but we don’t want to exchange it for a “neo-Popism”. What we need, rather, is the recognition that bringing up children involves a partnership21 of equals. There are signs that psychiatrists22, psychologists, social workers, and specialists on the family are becoming more aware of the part men play and that they have decided23 that women should not receive all the credit – nor the blame. We have almost given up saying that a woman’s place is in the home. We are beginning, however, to analyse man’s place in the home and to insist that he does have a place in it. Nor is that place irrelevant24 to the healthy development of the child.

       The family is a co-operative enterprise for which it is difficult to lay down rules, because each family needs to work out its own ways for solving its own problems.

       Excessive authoritarianism(命令主義)has unhappy consequences, whether it wears skirts or trousers, and the ideal of equal rights and equal responsibilities is pertinent25 (相關的,切題的) not only to a healthy democracy, but also to a healthy family.



31. The ideal of equal rights and equal responsibilities is _________________.

A)     fundamental to a sound democracy

B)      not pertinent to healthy family life

C)     responsible for Momism

D)     what we have almost given up



32. The danger in the sharing of household tasks by the mother and the father is that ___________.

A)     the role of the father may become an inferior one’

B)      the role of the mother may become an inferior one

C)     C) the children will grow up believing that life is a battle of sexes

D)     sharing leads to constant arguing



33. The author states that bringing up children ________________.

A)     is mainly the mother’s job

B)      belongs among the duties of the father

C)     is the job of schools and churches

D)     involves a partnership of equals



34. According to the author, the father’s role in the home is ____________________.

A)     minor26 because he is an ineffectual parent

B)      irrelevant to the healthy development of the child

C)     pertinent to the healthy development of the child

D)     identical to the role of the child’s mother



35. With which of the following statements would the author be most likely to agree?

A)     A healthy, co-operative family is a basic ingredient of a healthy society.

B)      Men are basically opposed to sharing household chores.

C)     Division of household responsibilities is workable only in theory.

D)     A woman’s place in the home – now as always.



Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:

      Teaching children to read well from the start is the most important task of elementary schools. But relying on educators to approach this task correctly can be a great mistake. Many schools continue to employ instructional methods that have been proven ineffective. The staying power of the “look-say” or “whole-word” method of teaching beginning reading is perhaps the most flagrant example of this failure to instruct effectively.

       The whole-word approach to reading stresses the meaning of words over the meaning of letters, thinking over decoding27, developing a sight vocabulary of familiar words over developing the ability to unlock the pronunciation of unfamiliar28 words. It fits in with the self-directed, “learning how to learn” activities recommended by advocates (倡導者)of “open” classrooms and with the concept that children have to be developmentally ready to begin reading. Before 1963, no major publisher put out anything but these “Run-Spot-Run” readers.

       However, in 1955, Rudolf Flesch touched off what has been called “the great debate”  in beginning reading. In his best-seller Why Johnny Can’t Read, Flesch indicted(控訴)the nation’s public schools for miseducating students by using the look-say method. He said – and more scholarly studies by Jeane Chall and Rovert Dykstra later confirmed – that another approach to beginning reading, founded on phonics(語音學), is far superior.

       Systematic phonics first teachers children to associate letters and letter combinations with sounds; it then teaches them how to blend these sounds together to make words. Rather than building up a relatively29 limited vocabulary of memorized words, it imparts a code by which the pronunciations of the vast majority of the most common words in the English language can be learned. Phonics does not devalue the importance of thinking about the meaning of words and sentences; it simply recognizes that decoding is the logical and necessary first step.



36. The author feels that counting on educators to teach reading correctly is _____________.

       A) only logical and natural                          B) the expected position

       C) probably a mistake                                D) merely effective instruction



37. The author indicts30 the look-say reading approach because _________________.

       A) it overlooks decoding                                   B) Rudolf Flesch agrees with him

       C) he says it is boring                                D) many schools continue to use this method



38. One major difference between the look-say method of learning reading and the phonics method is _______________.

A)     look-say is simpler                               B) Phonics takes longer to learn

C) look-say is easier to teach                      D) phonics gives readers access to far more words



39. The phrase “touch-off” (Para 3, Line 1) most probably means _____________.

       A) talk about shortly                                  B) start or cause

       C) compare with                                       D) oppose



40. According to the author, which of the following statements is true?

       A) Phonics approach regards whole-word method as unimportant.

B)      The whole-word approach emphasizes decoding.

C)     In phonics approach, it is necessary and logical to employ decoding.

D)     Phonics is superior because it stresses the meaning of words thus the vast majority of most common words can be learned.



Part Three Vocabulary and Structure
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.



41. Word had come from the manager ____________ a new transaction would be concluded.

A) who            

B) that              

C) which            

D) when



42. There was a traffic jam, but she ____________ get to the destination in time.

A) could            

B) might          

C) ought to          

D) was able to



43. "Do you think ____________ I should attend the lecture?" she asked me.

A) that            

B) whether          

C) if                

D) when



44. Their room was on the third floor, its window ____________ the sports ground.

A) overlooks        

B) overlooking      

C) overlooked        

D) to overlook



45. On no account ____________ to anyone who works in the company.

A) my name must be mentioned            

B) my name must mention

C) must my name be mentioned              

D) must my name mention



46. Jim knows little of mathematics, ____________ of chemistry.

A) and still less      

B) as well as        

C) no less than      

D) and still more



47. The man denied ____________ any thing at the supermarket when he was questioned by the police.

A) to have stolen    

B ) to steal            

C ) having stolen      

D ) having been stealing



48. Did he tell you what ____________ if he had a chance?

A) was he going to do

B) he would do      

C) be had done      

D) had to do



49. The results were to ____________ yesterday, but we have heard nothing.

A) reveal        

B) have revealed      

C) be revealed      

D) have been revealed



50. Calculations, which are astronomically31 exact, have been made ____________ with the use of computers.

A) possible          

B) it possible        

C) possibly          

D) to be possible



51. To handle the delicate situation, you must ;be____________

A) more than careful                        

B) more carefully

C) carefully enough                        

D) enough carefully



52. The governess agreed to teach the temperamental child ____________ she was given complete authority.

A) whether          

B) for              

C) that              

D) provided



53. According to the periodic table, ____________ still some elements undiscovered.

A) there seem to be                        

B) it seems to be

C) it seems that                            

D) here seem



54. The farmer used wood to build a house ____________ to store grain.

A) with            

B) in which          

C) which            

D) where



55. A beam of light will not bend round the corners unless ____________ to do so with the help of a reflecting device.

A) being done      

B) made            

C) to be made        

D) having made



56. ____________, the more severe the winters are.

A) The more north you go                  

B) The farther you go the north

C) The more you go north                    

D) The farther north you go



57. Vicky has been sad recently, for her plan to go to college ____________ at the last moment.

A) fell out          

B) fell behind        

C) fell through      

D) fell off



58. You had better ____________ teasing these newcomers, for that will hurt their feeling.

A) leave out        

B) leave for          

C) leave off          

D) leave behind



59. Don't lose heart! You should _____________ your courage and overcome the difficulty.

A) hold up          

B) set up            

C) pull up          

D) pluck up



60. He ____________ a sum of money every month to help the two orphans32.

A) sets aside        

B) sets up            

C) sets along          

D) sets in



61. His debts had to be _____________ after he committed suicide with his rifle.

A) laid off          

B) written off        

C) turned off        

D) put off



62. The gentleman ____________ a cherub33 with his letter.

A) combined        

B) included          

C) kept            

D) enclosed



63. At the meeting both sides exchanged their views on a wide ____________ of topics they were interested in.

A) extent            

B) number        

C) collection        

D) range



64. His ____________ has changed but he has kept the fine qualities of a scientific researcher.

A) state              

B) status              

C) station              

D) statue



65. She can speak French and German, to ____________ nothing of English.

A) say              

B) speak            

C) talk              

D) tell



66. If you play with electricity, you may get an electric ____________

A) strike            

B) beat            

C) shock            

D) knock



67. It was a wonderful play with a ____________ of over fifty actors and actresses.

A) list            

B) group          

C) bunch            

D) herd



68. A ____________change in policy is needed if relations are ever to improve.

A) strict            

B) wide            

C) ever            

D) radical



69. Please give my best ____________ to your family.

A) notice            

B) attention          

C) regards          

D) cares



70. They bought the land with a ____________ to build a new office block.

A) purpose          

B) view            

C) goal              

D) reason

Part IV Close                   (15 minutes )
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the one that best fits into the passage.  Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Methods of studying vary; what works__71__ for some students doesn’t work at all for others. The only thing you can do is experiment __72__ you find a system that does work for you. But two things are sure: __73__ else can do your studying for you, and unless you do find a system that works, you won' t although college. Meantime, there are a few rules that__74__ for everybody. The hint is "don't get ___75___ ".

The problem of studying, __76__ enough to start with, becomes almost__77__ when you are trying to do  __78__ in one weekend. __79__ the fastest readers have trouble __80__ that. And if you are behind in written work that must be __81__, the teacher who accepts it __82__late will probably not give you good credit. Perhaps he may not accept it__83__ . Getting behind in one class because you are spending so much time on another is really no __84__. Feeling pretty virtuous34 about the seven hours you 'spend on chemistry won' t __85__one bit if the history teacher pops a quiz. And many freshmen35 do get into trouble by spending too much time on one class at the __86__of the others, either because they like one class much better or because they find it so much harder that they think, they should __87__all their time to it. __88__the reason, going the whole work for one class and neglecting the rest of them is a mistake, if you face this __89__, begin with the shortest and easiest __90__. Get them out of the way and then go to the more difficult, time consuming work.

71. A) good       B) easily    C) sufficiently   D) well

72. A) until        B) after     C) while          D ) so

73. A) somebody   B) nobody    C) everybody      D) anybody



74. A) follow      B) go        C) operate        D) work

75. A) behind     B) after    C) slow           D) later

76. A) hardly     B) unpleasant C) hard          D) heavy

77. A) improbable  B) necessary C) impossible     D) inevitable

78. A) three week's work      B) three weeks' works

C) three weeks' work      D) three week' s works

79. A) Even       B) Almost   C) If              D) with

80. A) to do       B) doing    C) at doing        D) with doing

81. A) turned in B) tuned36 up  C) turned out     D) given in

82. A) very       B) quite    C) such           D) that

83. A) anyway     B) either    C) at all         D) too

84. A) solution    B) method   C) answer         D) excuse

85. A) help       B) encourage C) assist        D) improve

86. A) expense    B) pay      C) debt           D) charge

87. A) devote     B) put      C) spend          D) take

88. A) Whichever  B) Whatever C) However        D) Wherever

89. A) attraction   B) decision C) temptation    D) dilemma

90. A) arrangements  B) way     C) assignments     D) class

Part V Writing
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Good Manners. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline(given in Chinese)below:

1世界上的人都看重良好的行為舉止.

2在公共場合的一些奶好的行為舉止.

3如果每個人都培養起了好的行為舉止,

答案及詳解

Part One Listening Comprehension
Section A


1-10 CCBDB DACDD

11-20 DABCB AACBA


Tapescript


Section A

1. M: Would you like a copy of professor Smith's article?

W: Thanks, if it's not too much trouble.

Q: What does the woman imply?


2. W: Did you visit the Television Tower when you had your vacation in Shanghai last summer?

M: I couldn't make it last June. But I finally visited it two months later. I plan to visit it again sometime next year.

Q: What do we learn about the man?


3. M: Prof. Kennedy has been very busy this semester. As far as I know, he works until mid-night every day.

W: I wouldn't have troubled him so much if I had know he was so busy.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?


4. W: If I were you, I would have accepted the job.

M: I turned down the offer because it would mean frequent business trips away from my family:

Q: Why didn't the man accept the job?


5. M: How are you getting on with your essay, Mary? I'm having a real hard time with mine.

W: After two sleepless37 nights, I'm finally through with it.

Q: What do we learn from this conversation?


6. W: Where did you say you found this bag?

M: It was lying under a big tree between the park and the apartment building

Q: Where did the man find the bag?


7. M: Wouldn't you get bored with the same routine year after year teaching the same things to children?

W: I don't think it would be as boring as working in an office. Teaching is mat stimulating38.

Q: What does the woman imply about office work?


8. M: I was terribly embarrassed when some of the audience got up and left in the middle of the performance.

W: Well, some people just can't seem to appreciate real-life drama.

Q: What are they talking about?


9. W: Oh, it's so cold. We haven't had such a severe winter for so long, have we?

M: Yes, the forecast says it's going to get worse before it warms up.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?


10. M: You were seen hanging about the store on the night when it was robbed, weren't you?

W: Me? You must have made a mistake. I was at home that night.

Q: What are they talking about?


Section B

Passage One

There are three groups of English learners: beginners, intermediate learners, and learners of special English. Beginners need to learn the basics of English. Students who have reached an intermediate level benefit from learning general English skills. But what about student who want to learn specialist English for their work or professional life? Most students, who fit into this third group have a clear idea about what they want to learn. A bank clerk, for example, wants to use this specialist vocabulary and technical terms of finance. But for teachers, deciding how to teach specialist English is not always so easy. For a start, the variety is enormous. Every field from air- line pilots to secretaries has its own vocabulary and technical terms. Teachers also need to have an up-to-date knowledge of that specialist language, and not many teachers are exposed to working environments outside the classroom. These issues have influenced the way specialist English is taught in schools. This type of course is usually known as English for Specific Purposes, or ESP and there are ESP courses for almost every area of professional and working life. In Britain, for example, there are courses which teach English for doctors, lawyers, reporters, travel agents and people working in the hotel industry. By far, the most popular ESP courses are for business English.


Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.

11. What is the characteristic of learners of special English?

12. Who needs ESP courses most?

13. What are the most popular ESP courses in Britain?

14. What is the speaker mainly talking about?


Passage Two

The first step to stop drug abuse is knowing why people start to use drugs. The reasons people abuse drugs are as different as people are from one to another. But there seems to be one common thread: people seem to take drugs to change the way they feel. They want to feel better or feel happy or to feel nothing. Sometimes, they want to forget or to remember. People often feel better about the roseleaf when they are under the influence of drugs. But the effects don't' last long. Drugs don't solve problems. They just postpone39 them. No matter how far drugs may take you, it's always around trip. After a while, people who miss drugs may feel worse about thorn-' selves, and then they may use more drugs. If someone you know is using or abusing drugs, you can help. The most important part you can play is to be there. You can let your friends know that you care. You can listen and try to solve the problem behind your friend' s need to use drugs. Two people together can often solve a problem that seems too big for one person alone. Studies of., heavy abusers in the United States show that they felt unloved and unwanted. They didn't have close friends to talk to. When you or your friends take the time to care for each other, you're all helping40 to stop drugs abuse. After all, what is a friend for?


Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.

15. Why do some people abuse drugs?

16. According to the passage, what is the best way to stop friends from abusing drugs?

17. What are the findings of the studies about heavy drug users?


Passage Three

Bows and arrows are one of man's oldest weapons. They gave early man an effective weapon to kill his enemies. The ordinary bow or short bow was used by nearly all early people. This bow had limited power and short range. However, man overcame these faults by learning to track his targets at a close range. The long bow was most likely discovered when someone found out that a five-foot piece of wood made a better bow than a three-foot piece. Hundreds of thou- sands of these bows were made and used for three hundred years. However, not one is known to survive today. We believe that a force of about one hundred pounds was needs to pull the string all the way back on a long bow. For a long time the bow was just a bent41 stick and string. In fact, more changes have taken place in a bow in the past 25 years than in the last 7 centuries. Today, bow is forceful. It is as exact as a gun. In addition, it requires little strength to draw the string. Modern bows also have precise aiming devices. In indoor contests, perfect scores from 40 yards are common. The invention of the bows itself ranks with discovery of fire and the wheel. It was a great-step-forward for man.


Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

18. Why did man have to track his target at a close range when using a short bow?

19. What does the passage tell us about the long bow?

20. What do we know about modem42 bows?


Part II Reading Comprehension
Passage One

21. D) 由第一段的前兩句綜合所有的細節。

22. B) 見第一段的第四句。

23. C) 本題考察利用上下文理解生詞的能力。單詞myograph所在的第二段說,這種儀器make visible through electrical signals the work done by human muscle,與C)基本是同樣的意思。

24. A) 由第三段的第一句中的“…a new design”可知,第二句中提到的a tripod ladder是a new design,相比之下,四條腿的梯子就是an old design了,也就是說,過去的stepladder是四條腿的。

25. D) 本題考察尋找細節。線索位于倒數第二段的第二句話。句子中的“Dr. Tichauer’s first thought”對應于題干中的initially,后面的句子都是說明為了舒適;本題的另一線索是最后一段的第一句,Efficiency is the by-product of comfort,由此可知,Dr. Tichauer最初關心的是comfort。

Passage Two

26. D) 本題主要由第一段的內容推理出來,同時兼用排除法。由第二段的前兩句話,可知計算機犯罪并非不能查出來,所以A)、C)不對;由第一段的第二句中“for his own purposes”可以排除B)。

27. D) 第三段主要講的是我們還不知道有多少計算機犯罪未被發現,第二、三兩句說那些被發現了的都是偶然的,是他們的運氣不好,顯然,沒被發現的要比已被發現的數量要多得多。

28. B) 本題表面要求尋找細節,但實際仍是一道推斷題,考察考生對最后兩段的理解。為什么計算機犯罪會逃脫懲罰呢?最后一段的前兩句說得很明白,是因為公司的經理們害怕the bad publicity,即是bad reputation之意,所以他們會在揭示計算機犯罪時而猶豫。

29. B) 文章有三處都提到了這個問題的答案,它們分別是第一段的最后一句、第二段的第二句、第四段。最直接的線索是第二段的第二句。

30. D) 這是一道難度較大的主旨題。答案A)和D)很相似,文章的很多地方也都講的是computer criminals escape punishment,但這是表面的,正是因為他們容易逃脫懲罰,所以文章最后一句說他們可以到一個新地方繼續從事犯罪活動,其結果自然是計算機犯罪消除不了,因此本題選項D)更佳。

Passage Three

31. A) 本題考察對文章主題的理解。文章的最后一段的后半句是本文的主題句,它明確說the ideal of equal rights and equal responsibilities is pertinent (相關的,切題的) not only to a healthy democracy, but also to a healthy family,此處的pertinent與題干中的fundamental在此處的意思是一樣的。

32. A) 本題較難,表面是個細節題,但實際是推斷題。有兩處線索:第一處是第二段的第一句話,該句承接第一段中談論的sharing household,指出如果過分了的話,就會導致男人被認為較不重要,即是選項A)的意思。第二處線索是第三段的倒數第二句話中“… that he does have a place in it”。

33. D) 線索見第三段的第二句話What we need, rather, is the recognition that bringing up children involves a partnership of equals.

34. C)本題的線索同31題。

35. A) 本題除了用排除法做以外,仍然考的是主題句。最后一句中的a healthy democracy是從社會的角度來講的。

Passage Four

36. C)本題的線索是第一段的第二句話,其中的relying on educators與題干中的counting on educators 完全是同樣的意思。

37. A) 作者先在第一段的最后一句說“look-say”或“whole-word”的閱讀教學方法是失敗的,第二段分析了這種方法失敗的原因,是因為它“stresses the meaning of words over the meaning of letters, thinking over decoding…”

38. D) 文章在最后一段談到了phonics method的特點和好處,本題線索見該段的第二句話“Rather than building up a relatively limited vocabulary of memorized words, it imparts a code by which the pronunciations of the vast majority of the most common words in the English language can be learned”,可見這種方法能使學習者獲得更大的詞匯量。

39. B) 本題要求利用上下文猜測單詞的意思。根據第二段的最后一句,在1963年以前,出版的東西都是教授使用whole-word的方法的,緊接著用了轉折詞however,說在1955年,Rudolf Flesch“touched off”一場爭論,因此此處的touch off必然是“引起”的意思。

40. C) 本題要求有較好的綜合能力才能做得既快又準。從第二段中綜合出whole-word閱讀方法的特點:強調單詞的意思、沒有decoding;由此即可知B)、D)是錯的;在文章的最后一句話,作者指出Phonics does not devalue the importance of thinking about the meaning of words and sentences,所以A)也是不對的。


Part IV Vocabulary and Structure
41. B) 空格及其后的內容作word的同位語,表示經理所說的話的內容。

42. D) 本題主要是A)和D)的辨析,be able to 與can的主要區別在于前者表示客觀的能力,后者主觀更多色彩更濃。本題根據時態及全句的內容,看出這是個客觀的事實,因此應選D)。

43. A) 此處是由that引導的賓語從句。

44. B) 分詞的獨立主格結構,window與overlook的關系是主動的,故要用現在分詞。

45. C) 倒裝。狀語on no account中含有否定詞,故要用倒裝。

46. A) less與little才是遞進的關系。

47. C) 在deny之后要用動名詞。

48. B) 在tell you的后面是一個賓語從句,而在這個賓語從句中用的是虛擬語氣,看清這一點后,再看看if狀語從句中的時態就能做出正確答案了。

49. D) 首先,我們知道結果是要“被公布”的,所以動詞部分必須用被動語態,去掉A)、B)。再由句子的意思判斷,結果本來要被公布的,但是我們沒有聽到什么消息,隱指消息未被公布,所以這是個虛擬的。

50. A) 這是一個固定句型。由make … possible變化而來。

51. A) 如果知道more than的特殊用法,本題即可順利做答。解答本題的另一個方法是看句子成份,要填的空中是作be的表語,根據常識,副詞是不能用作表語的,所以B)、C)、D)可被自然排除。

52. D) provided是一個特殊的連詞,相當于if,可引導狀語從句。

53. A) there be句型的變化。如果對其它的選項有疑問的話,可分析一下句子的成份。

54. B) 帶介詞的定語從句。農民蓋房子的目的是要用房子來盛糧食,也就是說,要把糧食放在房子中,所以選B)。

55. B) 省略了主語和系動詞的分詞狀語結構。

56. D) the more … the more 句型。在這個句型中,the more不是死的,只是表示一個比較級。

57. C) fall through的意思是“失敗、破產”。fall out爭吵, 吵架, 鬧翻, 結果是, 離隊;fall off 下降, 跌落, 減少, 衰退, 離開;落在...的后面, 拖欠。

58. C) leave off相當于stop。leave out省去, 遺漏, 不考慮;leave for動身去某地;leave behind將……落下

59. D) pluck up振作, 拔起。hold up舉起, 支撐, 繼續下去, 阻擋, 攔截;set up 設立, 豎立, 架起, 升起, 裝配, 創(紀錄), 提出, 開業;hold up舉起, 支撐, 繼續下去, 阻擋, 攔截

60. A) set aside .留出, 不顧, 取消, 駁回;set up 設立, 豎立, 架起, 升起, 裝配, 創(紀錄), 提出, 開業;set along 無此短語; set in開始, 到來, 上漲, 插入, 嵌入。

61. B) write off 注銷, 勾銷, 取消;lay off解雇, 停止工作, 休息, 劃出;turn off 關掉, 避開, 使轉變方向, 生產, 制造, 用車床加工出, 使厭煩, 變成;put off 推遲, 拖延, 搪塞, 使分心, 使厭惡, 扔掉, 脫掉, 勸阻。

62. D) enclose指郵寄信件時附上其它東西。

63. D) 選項中只有range能被wide修飾。

64. B) status指身份, 地位, 情形, 狀況;sate指狀態;statue則是雕象。

65. A) to say nothing of 是一個固定短語,意思是“更不用說……了”。本題不要做成詞義辨析題。 66. C) 本題同樣沒有必要辨析四個選項的意思,只要知道“電擊”是electric shock就夠了。

67. B) 表示人的量詞用group。

68. D) 常用radical修飾change,表示根本的的變化。

69. C) 表示向某人致意用regard。

70. A) 此處應選“目的”一詞。C)表示具體的目標,不通。

Part IV Cloze
71.D) well是副詞,good是形容詞,所以A)不可。與后面相比較的doesn’t work at all相關的是,此處B)、C)形成不了關聯。

72.A) 此句的意思是你一直進行嘗試,直到找到適合自己的學習方法。因而此處的連詞要表達“直到”的意思。 73.B) 線索是空格后的else,兩個詞連起來表示“(除了你自己),別的任何人都不能……”。

74.D) work常用于抽象的意義,表示起作用的意思。請參照第一句中的動詞。

75.A) get (fall, be) behind等都表示落后的意思,根據上下文,顯然是說,我們在學習上是不要落后。

76.C) 此處要求填一個形容詞,A)可排除。又根據上下文,可以理解出這句話的意思應該是:學習這個困難,一開始的時候是非常難的,而當你想在一周內完成三周的事情時則變得幾乎是不可能的。這時談的是難度的問題,因此選其它的答案是不合適的。如果直接解此題有困難,可以先做后面的題。

77.C) 根據從句中的意思來判斷本題的答案。不管78選哪個答案,我們都知道是要在一周內做三周的事,毫無疑問,應當說這是幾乎不可能的。

78.C) 表面考的是所有格的用法,實際上考的是名詞的數。三周肯定是復數,week必須是復數形式;work是不可數名詞。答案就一目了然了。

79.A) 本題考查的是篇章詞匯。解題也有兩種方法。第一種方法從篇章的角度著手,承接上面一段,說的是學習的困難,在這里顯然是說“即使”是讀得最快的人也有困難,選A)順理成章。第二種方法從句法著手。這是一個簡單句,顯然不能填連詞和介詞,C)、D)明顯錯誤。單就本句來說,選almost也是不能的。

80.B) have troubling后要求接動名詞。

81.A) turn in 的意思是“交上去,上交”,其它的選項是:turn up 出現, turn out出來;結果是,given in 讓步。

82.D) 此處表示“過晚”之意,用too。

83.C) 還記得常說的not …at all 嗎?

84.D) 這一句及其下一句是說因為你在別的科花的時間太多而在另一科落后,前者不是后者的理由。所以此處要選表示“借口、理由”意思的詞,即是excuse。

85.A) 表示籠統的“有用”的動詞是help。

86.A) at the expense of的意思是“以……為代價”。

87.A) 注意后面的介詞to,所以這是一個固定搭配。

88.B) 想一想“What is the reason that …”這個句型吧。

89.C) 前面所說的明顯是一種誘惑,所以要選temptation。

90.C) 前面說的是上什么什么課的事,所以選class。

Part V Writing
People all over the world set great regard on good manners. To certain degree, good manners indicate a person' s good education and breeding. In schools, it is part of students' moral Raining to develop good manners. A person with good manners always wins praise. On the contrary, people will frown on him if he behaves roughly and impolitely.

There are good manners in which we behave in public places. It is a good manner to offer help to the young, the old and the handicapped when they are in need of it. So is it to conduct ourselves politely and keep away from foul43 language. Besides, we should guard against such minor offences as making a loud noise, casting peels and shells, smoking, and spitting.

If everyone has developed good manners, people will form a more harmonious44 relationship. If everyone behaves considerately towards others and follows the social ethics45, people will live in a better world. With the general mood of society improved, there will be a progress of civilization.



點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 awfully MPkym     
adv.可怕地,非常地,極端地
參考例句:
  • Agriculture was awfully neglected in the past.過去農業遭到嚴重忽視。
  • I've been feeling awfully bad about it.對這我一直感到很難受。
2 fully Gfuzd     
adv.完全地,全部地,徹底地;充分地
參考例句:
  • The doctor asked me to breathe in,then to breathe out fully.醫生讓我先吸氣,然后全部呼出。
  • They soon became fully integrated into the local community.他們很快就完全融入了當地人的圈子。
3 regain YkYzPd     
vt.重新獲得,收復,恢復
參考例句:
  • He is making a bid to regain his World No.1 ranking.他正為重登世界排名第一位而努力。
  • The government is desperate to regain credibility with the public.政府急于重新獲取公眾的信任。
4 sham RsxyV     
n./adj.假冒(的),虛偽(的)
參考例句:
  • They cunningly played the game of sham peace.他們狡滑地玩弄假和平的把戲。
  • His love was a mere sham.他的愛情是虛假的。
5 implements 37371cb8af481bf82a7ea3324d81affc     
n.工具( implement的名詞復數 );家具;手段;[法律]履行(契約等)v.實現( implement的第三人稱單數 );執行;貫徹;使生效
參考例句:
  • Primitive man hunted wild animals with crude stone implements. 原始社會的人用粗糙的石器獵取野獸。 來自《現代漢英綜合大詞典》
  • They ordered quantities of farm implements. 他們訂購了大量農具。 來自《現代漢英綜合大詞典》
6 joints d97dcffd67eca7255ca514e4084b746e     
接頭( joint的名詞復數 ); 關節; 公共場所(尤指價格低廉的飲食和娛樂場所) (非正式); 一塊烤肉 (英式英語)
參考例句:
  • Expansion joints of various kinds are fitted on gas mains. 各種各樣的伸縮接頭被安裝在煤氣的總管道上了。
  • Expansion joints of various kinds are fitted on steam pipes. 各種各樣的伸縮接頭被安裝在蒸氣管道上了。
7 fatigue PhVzV     
n.疲勞,勞累
參考例句:
  • The old lady can't bear the fatigue of a long journey.這位老婦人不能忍受長途旅行的疲勞。
  • I have got over my weakness and fatigue.我已從虛弱和疲勞中恢復過來了。
8 by-product nSayP     
n.副產品,附帶產生的結果
參考例句:
  • Freedom is the by-product of economic surplus.自由是經濟盈余的副產品。
  • The raw material for the tyre is a by-product of petrol refining.制造輪胎的原材料是提煉汽油時產生的一種副產品。
9 visualizes 356321af334f008c12fb9728bbeeff5a     
在腦中使(某人或某物)形象化,設想,想像( visualize的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • He mentally visualizes a complex form all round itself. 他在腦海里從形體的各個方面來模擬復雜的形體。
  • He is much older, but do you think he visualizes scenarios, exchanges? 他年紀大很多你對他可有想入非非?
10 initially 273xZ     
adv.最初,開始
參考例句:
  • The ban was initially opposed by the US.這一禁令首先遭到美國的反對。
  • Feathers initially developed from insect scales.羽毛最初由昆蟲的翅瓣演化而來。
11 systematic SqMwo     
adj.有系統的,有計劃的,有方法的
參考例句:
  • The way he works isn't very systematic.他的工作不是很有條理。
  • The teacher made a systematic work of teaching.這個教師進行系統的教學工作。
12 inspections c445f9a2296d8835cd7d4a2da50fc5ca     
n.檢查( inspection的名詞復數 );檢驗;視察;檢閱
參考例句:
  • Regular inspections are carried out at the prison. 經常有人來視察這座監獄。
  • Government inspections ensure a high degree of uniformity in the standard of service. 政府檢查確保了在服務標準方面的高度一致。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
13 uncommonly 9ca651a5ba9c3bff93403147b14d37e2     
adv. 稀罕(極,非常)
參考例句:
  • an uncommonly gifted child 一個天賦異稟的兒童
  • My little Mary was feeling uncommonly empty. 我肚子當時正餓得厲害。
14 publicity ASmxx     
n.眾所周知,聞名;宣傳,廣告
參考例句:
  • The singer star's marriage got a lot of publicity.這位歌星的婚事引起了公眾的關注。
  • He dismissed the event as just a publicity gimmick.他不理會這件事,只當它是一種宣傳手法。
15 misused 8eaf65262a752e371adfb992201c1caf     
v.使用…不當( misuse的過去式和過去分詞 );把…派作不正當的用途;虐待;濫用
參考例句:
  • He misused his dog shamefully. 他可恥地虐待自己的狗。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • He had grossly misused his power. 他嚴重濫用職權。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
16 juggled a77f918d0a98a7f7f7be2d6e190e48c5     
v.歪曲( juggle的過去式和過去分詞 );耍弄;有效地組織;盡力同時應付(兩個或兩個以上的重要工作或活動)
參考例句:
  • He juggled the company's accounts to show a profit. 為了表明公司贏利,他篡改了公司的賬目。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • The juggler juggled three bottles. 這個玩雜耍的人可同時拋接3個瓶子。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
17 confidential MOKzA     
adj.秘(機)密的,表示信任的,擔任機密工作的
參考例句:
  • He refused to allow his secretary to handle confidential letters.他不讓秘書處理機密文件。
  • We have a confidential exchange of views.我們推心置腹地交換意見。
18 restrictions 81e12dac658cfd4c590486dd6f7523cf     
約束( restriction的名詞復數 ); 管制; 制約因素; 帶限制性的條件(或規則)
參考例句:
  • I found the restrictions irksome. 我對那些限制感到很煩。
  • a snaggle of restrictions 雜亂無章的種種限制
19 lesser UpxzJL     
adj.次要的,較小的;adv.較小地,較少地
參考例句:
  • Kept some of the lesser players out.不讓那些次要的球員參加聯賽。
  • She has also been affected,but to a lesser degree.她也受到波及,但程度較輕。
20 participation KS9zu     
n.參與,參加,分享
參考例句:
  • Some of the magic tricks called for audience participation.有些魔術要求有觀眾的參與。
  • The scheme aims to encourage increased participation in sporting activities.這個方案旨在鼓勵大眾更多地參與體育活動。
21 partnership NmfzPy     
n.合作關系,伙伴關系
參考例句:
  • The company has gone into partnership with Swiss Bank Corporation.這家公司已經和瑞士銀行公司建立合作關系。
  • Martin has taken him into general partnership in his company.馬丁已讓他成為公司的普通合伙人。
22 psychiatrists 45b6a81e510da4f31f5b0fecd7b77261     
n.精神病專家,精神病醫生( psychiatrist的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • They are psychiatrists in good standing. 他們是合格的精神病醫生。 來自辭典例句
  • Some psychiatrists have patients who grow almost alarmed at how congenial they suddenly feel. 有些精神分析學家發現,他們的某些病人在突然感到愜意的時候幾乎會興奮起來。 來自名作英譯部分
23 decided lvqzZd     
adj.決定了的,堅決的;明顯的,明確的
參考例句:
  • This gave them a decided advantage over their opponents.這使他們比對手具有明顯的優勢。
  • There is a decided difference between British and Chinese way of greeting.英國人和中國人打招呼的方式有很明顯的區別。
24 irrelevant ZkGy6     
adj.不恰當的,無關系的,不相干的
參考例句:
  • That is completely irrelevant to the subject under discussion.這跟討論的主題完全不相關。
  • A question about arithmetic is irrelevant in a music lesson.在音樂課上,一個數學的問題是風馬牛不相及的。
25 pertinent 53ozF     
adj.恰當的;貼切的;中肯的;有關的;相干的
參考例句:
  • The expert made some pertinent comments on the scheme.那專家對規劃提出了一些中肯的意見。
  • These should guide him to pertinent questions for further study.這些將有助于他進一步研究有關問題。
26 minor e7fzR     
adj.較小(少)的,較次要的;n.輔修學科;vi.輔修
參考例句:
  • The young actor was given a minor part in the new play.年輕的男演員在這出新戲里被分派擔任一個小角色。
  • I gave him a minor share of my wealth.我把小部分財產給了他。
27 decoding b888b2fd35f4dd1fafb025cc18212418     
n.譯碼,解碼v.譯(碼),解(碼)( decode的現在分詞 );分析及譯解電子信號
參考例句:
  • We cannot add any other memory to this system without further decoding. 如果不增加譯碼,就不能使系統的存貯容量有任何擴展。 來自辭典例句
  • Examples using the 8250 will be presented in hardware section to clarify full-decoding schemes. 在硬件一節中有應用說明全譯碼方案8250的例子。 來自辭典例句
28 unfamiliar uk6w4     
adj.陌生的,不熟悉的
參考例句:
  • I am unfamiliar with the place and the people here.我在這兒人地生疏。
  • The man seemed unfamiliar to me.這人很面生。
29 relatively bkqzS3     
adv.比較...地,相對地
參考例句:
  • The rabbit is a relatively recent introduction in Australia.兔子是相對較新引入澳大利亞的物種。
  • The operation was relatively painless.手術相對來說不痛。
30 indicts c19b8e0ad2c0477c5b5efdd55c430d48     
控告,起訴( indict的第三人稱單數 )
參考例句:
  • If the grand jury indicts the suspect, he will go to trial. 如果大陪審團指控嫌疑犯,他就得上法庭。
  • The grand jury indicts or refuses to indict accused persons. 大陪審團可起訴或拒絕起訴被告。
31 astronomically 44a6672c53e167d95b44195b013dda65     
天文學上
參考例句:
  • The bill was astronomically high. 賬單上的金額高得沒譜兒。
  • They have only been read as the multitude read the stars, at most astrologically, not astronomically. 它們之被群眾閱讀,有如群眾之閱覽繁星,至多是從星象學而不是從天文學的角度閱覽的。
32 orphans edf841312acedba480123c467e505b2a     
孤兒( orphan的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • The poor orphans were kept on short commons. 貧苦的孤兒們吃不飽飯。
  • Their uncle was declared guardian to the orphans. 這些孤兒的叔父成為他們的監護人。
33 cherub qrSzO     
n.小天使,胖娃娃
參考例句:
  • It was easy to see why the cartoonists regularly portrayed him as a malign cherub.難怪漫畫家總是把他畫成一個邪惡的小天使。
  • The cherub in the painting is very lovely.這幅畫中的小天使非??砂?。
34 virtuous upCyI     
adj.有品德的,善良的,貞潔的,有效力的
參考例句:
  • She was such a virtuous woman that everybody respected her.她是個有道德的女性,人人都尊敬她。
  • My uncle is always proud of having a virtuous wife.叔叔一直為娶到一位賢德的妻子而驕傲。
35 freshmen bcdb5f5d859647798b83af425baa69ee     
n.(中學或大學的)一年級學生( freshman的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • We are freshmen and they are sophomores. 我們是一年級學生,他們是二年級學生。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
  • University freshmen get lots of razzing, but they like the initiation. 大一新生受各種嘲弄,但是他們對這種入門經驗甘之如飴。 來自辭典例句
36 tuned b40b43fd5af2db4fbfeb4e83856e4876     
adj.調諧的,已調諧的v.調音( tune的過去式和過去分詞 );調整;(給收音機、電視等)調諧;使協調
參考例句:
  • The resort is tuned in to the tastes of young and old alike. 這個度假勝地適合各種口味,老少皆宜。
  • The instruments should be tuned up before each performance. 每次演出開始前都應將樂器調好音。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
37 sleepless oiBzGN     
adj.不睡眠的,睡不著的,不休息的
參考例句:
  • The situation gave her many sleepless nights.這種情況害她一連好多天睡不好覺。
  • One evening I heard a tale that rendered me sleepless for nights.一天晚上,我聽說了一個傳聞,把我搞得一連幾夜都不能入睡。
38 stimulating ShBz7A     
adj.有啟發性的,能激發人思考的
參考例句:
  • shower gel containing plant extracts that have a stimulating effect on the skin 含有對皮膚有益的植物精華的沐浴凝膠
  • This is a drug for stimulating nerves. 這是一種興奮劑。
39 postpone rP0xq     
v.延期,推遲
參考例句:
  • I shall postpone making a decision till I learn full particulars.在未獲悉詳情之前我得從緩作出決定。
  • She decided to postpone the converastion for that evening.她決定當天晚上把談話擱一擱。
40 helping 2rGzDc     
n.食物的一份&adj.幫助人的,輔助的
參考例句:
  • The poor children regularly pony up for a second helping of my hamburger. 那些可憐的孩子們總是要求我把我的漢堡包再給他們一份。
  • By doing this, they may at times be helping to restore competition. 這樣一來, 他在某些時候,有助于競爭的加強。
41 bent QQ8yD     
n.愛好,癖好;adj.彎的;決心的,一心的
參考例句:
  • He was fully bent upon the project.他一心撲在這項計劃上。
  • We bent over backward to help them.我們盡了最大努力幫助他們。
42 modem sEaxr     
n.調制解調器
參考例句:
  • Does your computer have a modem?你的電腦有調制解調器嗎?
  • Provides a connection to your computer via a modem.通過調制解調器連接到計算機上。
43 foul Sfnzy     
adj.污穢的;邪惡的;v.弄臟;妨害;犯規;n.犯規
參考例句:
  • Take off those foul clothes and let me wash them.脫下那些臟衣服讓我洗一洗。
  • What a foul day it is!多么惡劣的天氣!
44 harmonious EdWzx     
adj.和睦的,調和的,和諧的,協調的
參考例句:
  • Their harmonious relationship resulted in part from their similar goals.他們關系融洽的部分原因是他們有著相似的目標。
  • The room was painted in harmonious colors.房間油漆得色彩調和。
45 ethics Dt3zbI     
n.倫理學;倫理觀,道德標準
參考例句:
  • The ethics of his profession don't permit him to do that.他的職業道德不允許他那樣做。
  • Personal ethics and professional ethics sometimes conflict.個人道德和職業道德有時會相互抵觸。
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