不定式的時態和語態
文章來源: 文章作者: 發布時間:2007-01-20 08:40 字體: [ ]  進入論壇
(單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)
時態\語態    主動     被動
一般式      to do      to be done
進行式      to be doing  
完成式      to have done   to have been done
完成進行式    to have been doing  

1) 現在時:一般現在時表示的動詞,有時與謂語動詞表示的動作同時發生,有時發生在謂語動詞的動作之后。
  He seems to know this.
  I hope to see you again. = I hope that I'll see you again. 我希望再見到你。

2) 完成時:表示的動作發生在謂語動詞表示的動作之前。
 I'm sorry to have given you so much trouble.
 He seems to have caught a cold.

3) 進行時: 表示動作正在進行,與謂語動詞表示的動作同時發生。
 He seems to be eating something.

4) 完成進行時:
 She is known to have been wreaking1 on the problem for many years.


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 wreaking 9daddc8eb8caf99a09225f9daa4dbd47     
訴諸(武力),施行(暴力),發(脾氣)( wreak的現在分詞 )
參考例句:
  • Coal mining is a messy business, often wreaking terrible environmental damage nearby. 采礦是骯臟的行業,往往會嚴重破壞周邊環境。
  • The floods are wreaking havoc in low-lying areas. 洪水正在地勢低洼地區肆虐。
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